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Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Bayi Berat Lahir Rendah (BBLR) di RSUP. Dr. M.Djamil Padang Tahun 2019

Reski Dina Putri
Factors Relating to the incidence of Low Birth Weight (LBW) in RSUP. Dr. M.Djamil Padang in 2019
xii + 64 Pages + 8 Tables + 2 Images, 7 Attachments


The incidence of LBW in Indonesia in 2018 is still high at 6.2%. LBW incidence in West Sumatra is 2.3%, in the city of Padang the incidence of LBW is 1.5% and is still a major factor in increasing neonatal mortality. LBW can have an impact including hypothermia (62%), hypoglycemia (17%), infection (10-15%) and respiratory syndrome (5%). LBW can be caused by mothers giving birth with age and risky parity and mothers who have a history of preeclampsia in pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between maternal age, parity and preeclampsia with the weight of newborns at Dr. RSUP. M. Djamil Padang in 2019.

This type of research is an analytical survey with a cross sectional study design. The population in this study were all mothers who gave birth at Dr. RSUP M. Djamil Padang on 1 January -31 December 2018. The number of samples in this study was 190 taken by sistematic random sampling.

The results showed that respondents gave birth with LBW incidence (43.2%), risky age (28.4%), parity (44.7%) and preeclampsia (34.7%). The results of bivariate analysis showed no association between age and parity with the incidence of LBW (p=0,810, p=0,698) and there was a relationship between preeclampsia and the incidence of LBW (p=0,014).

The conclusion of this study is that there is no correlation between maternal age and LBW incidence, there is no relationship between parity and LBW incidence and there is a relationship between preeclampsia and the incidence of LBW in Dr. RSUP. M. Djamil Padang in 2019. Suggestions in this study are to be able to provide counseling and counseling for pregnant women and couples of childbearing age so that they can regularly administer ANC 4 times during pregnancy, eat foods with balanced nutrition and midwives can carry out early detection of preeclampsia LBW can be prevented.

Keywords: "Preeclampsia, age, parity, low birth weight (LBW)"
Source : 35 (2010 - 2017)


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